Anaplasma in the dog
Anaplasma is transmitted by the same tick as Lyme disease. The parasite is also found in Dutch sign. A tick must suck blood for 24 to 48 hours before the Anaplasma pathogen is transmitted to the dog. A dog becomes ill 1-2 weeks after infection. The prognosis is good after treatment.
Anaplasma occurs in the Netherlands
Anaplasma phagocytophilum occurs throughout Europe, including in the Netherlands. Dogs that test positive for Lyme disease may also have Anaplasma.
Anaplasma platys occurs in southern Europe. The patient can be simultaneously infected with Babesia and / or Ehrlichia canis.
Symptoms Anaplasma dog
Lameness (joint inflammation, polyarthritis)
Pale mucous membranes
Enlarged lymph nodes, enlarged spleen
Rare: cough, eye inflammation, swelling of the legs, lots of drinking and neurological symptoms.
Diagnosis Anaplasma dog
We come to the diagnosis Anaplasma by means of blood tests. One to four weeks after exposure, dogs become seropositive: the body has produced antibodies against the parasite. The dog then remains seropositive. When we find the antibodies in the blood, we prove that the dog has ever had Anaplasma. It does not prove that Anaplasma is the cause of the current complaints.
To find the parasite that causes Anaplasma, we use the PCR test (Polymerase Chain Reaction). This is a test in which we demonstrate the DNA of the bacterium. A PCR test shows the parasite itself. However, a negative PCR result does not exclude it.
Experienced lab technicians see in the blood of the patients the parasite in the white blood cells (from blood, bone marrow or lymph nodes).
Treatment Anaplasma dog
We often treat Anaplasma with doxycycline (3-4 weeks). Most dogs react quickly to the treatment and are often free of complaints within 1-2 days after the start of the treatment. If that improvement is not quick, there is probably more to it. Then the dog also has another illness.
Prognosis Anaplasma dog
After a treatment most dogs heal completely. You do not have to worry, your dog is healed and healthy.
Avoid exposure to ticks during the tick season (spring to autumn). You can give means that protect against ticks (pipettes, drawing tape). It is important to examine your dog daily on ticks and to remove them.
Anaplasm in humans
Infections with A. phagocytophilum have been reported in humans. Humans, like the dog, infect through a tick.
Anaplasma in the cat
Reports of Anaplasma infections in the cat are rare.
The symptoms in the cat are similar to the dog. Some cats get a fever, but most cats do not get sick of an Anaplasma infection.