What Does Blood in Dog Urine Mean?
Few things set off the alarm bells in our heads like the sight of blood. Finding blood anywhere on your dog is disconcerting, and finding it in your dog’s urine is downright terrifying, if you notice it yourself or your veterinarian discovers it during your dog’s appointment.
There are many other diseases that can cause blood in dog urine, including urinary tract infections, trauma, toxins like rat poison, and in rare cases, even cancer. Here is what you need to know about this symptom, and what it can mean for your dog.
What Is Hematuria in Dogs?
The technical term for blood in urine is hematuria. The presence of blood cells in your dog’s urine can be monitored either visually or by using diagnostic testing.
Oftentimes, we do not notice bloody urine right away. After all, it’s not like we really want to be staring at our dogs while they are pee. Sometimes, though, bloody urine is obvious, especially if your dog is on a light colored surface, like snow, carpet, or the floor. This discoloration can be present as almost normal, amber, orange, red, or brown.
Other times, blood in the urine is not this obvious, and it is a diagnostic test to discover red blood cells. Your dog’s urine may appear normal and still contain blood.
There are other conditions that can lead to discolored urine, so the first thing you should do if you notice your dog’s urine is a funny color is contact your veterinarian.
Causes of Hematuria in Dogs
Blood in urine is one of these symptoms, like vomiting and diarrhea, which are present in a wide range of conditions. Here are just a few of the conditions of possible causes.
-Toxins, like certain kinds of rat or poison
-Kidney diseases such as kidney stones, cystic kidney disease, structural disease, and familial kidney disease
-Nephritis (inflammation of the kidney)
-Infections such as urinary tract infections
-Anatomical malformations in the kidney or urinary tract
This list can be used in a few cases, which is where your veterinarian steps are to help with diagnostic differences.
Diagnosing Hematuria in Dogs
The most important thing is that you can do it yourself, but you can not do it.
Your veterinarian may begin this process with a physical examination. In the exam, she may visually inspect your dog’s genital areas; palpate your dog’s abdomen, bladder, kidneys, and prostate; and check your dog for any other symptoms that appear out of the ordinary, like bruising.
Once the physical examination is complete, there are several different diagnostic tests that your veterinary may perform, depending on your symptoms.
Some of these tests may include a dipstick colorimetric test, urinalysis, ultrasound, radiograph, blood pressure measurement, catheterization, a blood chemistry workup, coagulation profile, cystour ethroscopy, endoscopy, biopsies, and in some cases, exploratory surgery.
These tests, ultimately, will provide your veterinarian with the information in your dog’s urine.