Brucellosis is a serious bacterial infection that can jump from dog to human (zoonosis). The bacterium is difficult to combat, remains contiguous in the patient’s body (human and animal) after infection and can give recurrent symptoms.
Bucella Canis is mandatory.
Since the first diagnosis in November 2016, 17 dogs in the Netherlands Brucellosis tested positive. The dogs are from Romania and Bulgaria.
Symptoms Brucellosis dog
The bacterium mainly affects the sexual organs :
– Pregnant bitches can abort or give birth to dead or weak pups. This is followed by vaginal bleeding that lasts for several weeks.
– In males, test balls, bites and prostate are affected, which can lead to infertility and can be very painful. Dogs can obliquely lick the ball bag.
Dogs can also get inflammations from the :
– intervertebral discs
– lymph nodes
– eyes (uveitis)
The first symotoms can occur one week after infection. Some infected animals show no symptoms.
Symptoms Brucellosis man
It can take one week to seven months for a person to become ill after being infected with Brucella Canis.
People can get vague symptoms, be tired, have recurrent fever, feel sick, have chills, sweat at night and have a headache.
Brucella Canis is excreted via the urine, saliva, stool, nasal and ocular and vaginal effusion.
An infected bitch secretes a lot of bacteria around the delivery or abortion. The bacterium is in the (deceased) puppy, the amniotic fluid, the vaginal outflow and the milk. The vaginal flow may also contain Brucella Canis during the period of time.
Sperm may contain large quantities of B. Canis in the dog.
The bacterium can cause problems for more than 5 years after infection and can be transferred to other animals or humans.
People become infected through mucous membranes or the damaged skin. Especially people who come into direct contact with bitches after delivery or abortion and laboratory staff are at risk of infection.
If B. Canis is suspected, it is advisable to take the necessary hygienic measures (gloves, protective clothing, disinfecting areas, etc.). Because the bacterium is a zoonosis, you can become seriously ill of this bacterium as a human being, the puncture / opening of the abscess and bacteriological research is strongly discouraged.
Diagnosis Brucella Canis
If Brucella is suspected, it is recommended that blood and urine tests be carried out at Wageningen Bioveterinary Research in Lelystad.
False-negative tests occur unfortunately: the dog is infected, but separates the bacterium intermittently, but the test does not indicate Brucella Canis.
Treatment Brucellosis dog
Infected dogs can be treated with antibiotics for a long time. The bacteria will often survive this treatment and later become active again, cause problems and infect other animals or people. To protect people and other dogs, euthanasia can be discussed as an option.
People who are (possibly) infected with Brucella Canis are treated preventatively with antibiotics. To do this, contact your GP / GGD.
If the bacterium has been demonstrated, the veterinarian or laboratory must report this to the NVWA.
Brucella Canis with other animals
Dogs are the only reservoir for Brucella Canis. People can get sick of the bacterium.