The teeth of the dog are already developing in the uterus: the tooth germs for both the milk and the permanent teeth are created before birth. Just like humans, the dog has a milk and permanent teeth.
Puppies are born without teeth. The first teeth of the milk teeth will continue 2-4 weeks after birth. The order in which the milk teeth break and the age at which they are replaced by permanent teeth differs per breed of dog and the size of the breed. Larger breeds usually have a slightly earlier changeover time than smaller breeds.
Changing the milk teeth
As soon as the jaws grow, the permanent teeth will develop further. The teeth of the permanent teeth are indeed a lot bigger than the milk teeth. In the jaw, under the milk teeth, the permanent elements grow. Due to the growth in the crown of the permanent element the root of the milk element dissolves more and more. Ultimately, the milk element only depends on the gums and falls out. A normally changing element therefore ultimately has no root.
Bite and diarrhea
Dogs may have a tendency to bite more than usual during the exchange. During that period, make sure that you do not teach your dog that it is normal to bite you or to bite stuff! We also often see that dogs have more salivation than normal and sometimes also some diarrhea.
Problems when changing
When we change, we see problems sometimes occur. The most common are persistent, or long-lasting, permanent milk teeth. This means that the milking element is still present when the permanent element has already passed through.
Persistent milk teeth
If the roots of a milk tooth do not dissolve in time (and the milk tooth does not fall out) then the permanent tooth will find another breakthrough. Occasionally the milk tooth falls out as soon as the permanent tooth has partially broken through. The permanent tooth can then continue to grow in the right place. If the milk tooth does not drop out, the permanent tooth develops in the wrong position. Also, such an element often grows in the wrong direction. This can cause problems with the closing of the mouth. For example, the canines of the lower jaw can penetrate the upper jaw or touch other teeth.
Too much of the bite size because the milk teeth do not fall out
Too many teeth in a space that is too small causes deviations in the position of the elements. There may also be hair and food remains between the elements. This then causes a gum disease. This inflammation and possible stall deviations can cause damage and be painful. This can affect your dog’s eating behavior.
Especially the milk canines often persist. Here too, they can influence the position of the permanent canines. When intervening too late, these can damage the palate and, in extreme cases, even grow into the nose.
What can you do ?
When you see that the milk tooth and the permanent tooth are present at the same time, have a veterinarian look at it. If the permanent tooth is not hindered and the animal is younger than 6 months, we can sometimes wait for the milk tooth to come out spontaneously. In all other cases it is necessary to pull the milk teeth. The baby teeth have a very long thin root, which touches the root of the permanent tooth. The tooth must be pulled in its entirety. The root of the milk tooth must not break, that of the permanent tooth should not be damaged. The veterinary surgeon must exercise caution and take his time for it.