The most common eye condition in a dog and cat is a conjunctivitis, or an inflammation of the conjunctiva.
The conjunctiva of the eye consists of the mucous membrane on the inside of the eyelids and the outer layer of the eyeball. It connects the eyelids with the eyeball.
– Red eye.
– Painful, squeezing with the eye.
– Swelling eyelids.
– Aqueous to pussy outflow of the eye.
– Teardrops, dried-up material in the corner of the eye.
– One eye or both eyes may be affected.
– The cause is often irritation or draft.
– Sometimes the inflammation is caused by an abnormality of the eyelid, hairs on the edge or abnormalities in the position of the eye.
– Insufficient tear production causes a typical conjunctivitis; a keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS)
– In case of allergies or infections (caused by a virus or bacteria), both eyes are often inflamed. Respiratory infections (eg cat flu) often go together with eye infections.
– The cause can not always be detected.
– One animal is more sensitive than the other.
Treatment therapy conjunctivitis
– Occasionally a mucus plug (‘sleep’ or ‘soup eye’) in the inner corner of the eye is normal. You can clean this with lukewarm boiled water, with physiological salt or insert liquid for contact lenses. The advantage of eyeglass and physiological salt is that they are less ‘hard’ to the eye than boiled water.
– Depending on the cause, the veterinarian will prescribe an antibiotic ointment or drops. Often a more specific treatment is required. For example, artificial tears if the animal does not make sufficient tears and therefore has conjunctivitis (CIC).