Conjunctivitis in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Conjunctivitis – it is very common in dogs inflammation of the connective tissue membrane of the eye. Intrigue of this is that it is very difficult to treat and often chronic.
In addition, the consequence of conjunctivitis can be very different and very dangerous diseases, even loss of vision.
When catarrhal conjunctivitis connection of the eye is red, swollen, sometimes under the century sticks. The dog observed serous discharge from the eyes, tears flow. Catarrhal form often starts acute, and then goes into a chronic course and is very difficult to treat.
As a festering form of the disease visible first fluid, pus, which eventually turns yellow and thick. There is swelling and redness of the conjunctiva. Animal suppressed.
When the follicular form has noticeable inflammation of the conjunctiva, and the interior surface of the third century, you can see the follicles. This is similar to a raspberry dark red education. This type of conjunctivitis is often chronic for several years with periods of exacerbation and attenuation.
The causes of conjunctivitis in dogs
Conjunctivitis develops for many reasons. Often it is mechanical or chemical irritation of the conjunctiva:
get in the eyes of grass,
organisms in the eye
The eyes can be irritated by smoke or bite-like substances. It can also be spread from the inflammatory process that occurs in the cornea, eyelids, reduced secretion of tears, fungal or viral infections, allergy animal.
In addition, conjunctivitis can cause simultaneous disease with more serious diseases: plague, hepatitis in dogs, parvovirus infection, and others. The rock-risk dogs that planted bulging eyes, for example, Pekingese, French bulldogs.
So the dogs easier for the eye injure. Although some breeds often suffer from conjunctivitis infectious origin, such as German shepherds.
Treatment of conjunctivitis in dogs
Under the supervision of the earliest symptoms – outflow “Tears”, the dog must regularly wiped his eyes with a cotton swab that has been moistened with boiled water. It is therefore necessary to have physical stress so that no wind does not disturb the animal and does not eliminate the dust and small particles of discharge from the eyes. It should limit contact with other dogs because the disease can be contagious.
If the symptoms start with the eye worsening blush, you should immediately consult your doctor. Only he can prescribe the treatment. Usually prescribed anti-inflammatory and antibiotic ointment or eye drops, as well as anti-inflammatory drugs generally valid.
20-30% sulfatsil sodium, kanamycin 01%, 25% chloramphenicol, Sofradeks 4-5 times a day.
sulfatsil sodium (30%)
If the observed high swelling under the conjunctiva of the administered mixture was 0.1-0.2 ml hydrocortisone and 0.5-1% novocaine solution or 0.5-1 mg deksazona.
A new word in the treatment of conjunctivitis are LLA – ocular medicinal films from H.E. proposed Kopenkina. They contain, kanamycin, neomycin, sulfapiridazin sodium. They are administered in the conjunctival sac using anatomical tweezers once a day.
Cushioning tears, films swell and so on to the conjunctiva and enveloping evenly dissolves. This results in a high therapeutic effect. Often the treatment strategy needs to be changed several times in order to realize improvements. Antibiotic ointment or eye drops are used for at least 5 days.
In this case the eyes of the dog must always be washed with boiled water or a decoction of celandine. Also conjunctiva was washed with 0.25% Novocaine solution 3% boric acid solution. The dog can not scratch and injure eyes It is better to put a so-called “Elizabethan collar”. It is better if the instillation of drops in the eyes of a dog assistant will be present, which will keep the head.