A dog normally has well-formed stools 1 to 2 times a day.
If there is thin or pulp-like stools, a veterinarian speaks of diarrhea. Even if a dog often has to defecate, or if there is blood and mucus in the stool, the vet calls this diarrhea.
Acute diarrhea in a healthy dog
Acute diarrhea lasts less than 3 weeks. Acute diarrhea can be caused by a
– Change of feed
– Parasites (worms, Giardia)
– Spoiled food and dirty water
– Viruses (eg corona)
Usually the dog is so healthy that he can overcome the diarrhea on his own. It is a matter of looking. You do not have to go to the vet.
Give your dog easily digestible food, let the dog eat a little more often and make sure he can drink enough.
If your dog becomes ill, or if the symptoms do not decrease after a few days, a visit to your veterinarian is recommended.
If you have more dogs or puppies in the house, it is advisable to take hygiene measures. Consult with your veterinarian.
Acute diarrhea in a sick dog
If your dog has diarrhea, but also fever (more than 39.5 ° C), no longer drinks or no longer eats, or does not keep the food and drinks (vomits), it is advisable to call your (on duty) veterinarian.
Especially when your dog is dehydrated, quick help is needed.
The signs of dehydration are :
– The dog is slow and does not want to eat
– Sticky mucous membranes (inside cheek)
– A skin fold disappears slowly or not
– The dog may feel colder than normal
– The heart rate is often higher than normal
Parvo and distemper are caused by infectious viruses, where a dog (especially a puppy) is often very ill. In the worst case, a dog can die from these viruses.
Infusion is necessary if your dog dries out. In most cases, this infusion must be given intravenously (in the bloodstream). Subcutaneous infusion does not work in shock and / or severe dehydration and is therefore only useful for less ill animals. The blood vessels of the skin and the underlying tissue are scarcely affected by seriously ill animals. The body sends the blood to places where it is needed more.
In addition to the help via an infusion, it is often necessary to correct the potassium in the blood. To know how much potassium your dog needs, the concentration of this salt must be measured daily.
If your dog does not vomit, it is advisable to give food. The intestines heal faster if your dog eats.
In most cases antibiotics make gastrointestinal complaints worse and slow down the recovery. We therefore discourage the use of antibiotics for diarrhea unless:
– There is a strong drop in resistance (few white blood cells)
– Your dog has choked in vomit (pneumonia caused by vomit)
– There is a suspicion of a blood poisoning (high or low temperature)
A bacterial culture of feces is generally not useful: Campylobacter, Clostridium and E Coli belong to the normal intestinal bacteria in the dog. Only Salmonella is certainly abnormal, if it is found in a culture of stool.