Hotspot in dogs
Hotspot actually means hot spot. It is also sometimes called Pyotraumatic Dermatitis. This is a purulent skin inflammation due to trauma that the dog does himself. Hotspot is common in dogs.
There are two types of hotspot to distinguish. The first kind in the superficial hotspot, which causes itching in the foreground. With this species, a hairless, damp spot with a red edge is formed quite quickly. The hairs around this place are often stuck together. If this hotspot is not treated in time, bacterial infections can occur.
The second kind that can arise is the deep hotspot, this is a bacterial infection of the hair follicles. Dogs often leave this place alone, as this place is often painful. Often after shaving the fur you can only see a bulge and a limited place. This is often accompanied by open purulent places.
What are the causes of a hotspot?
There are some conditions that must be met if you want to talk about a hotspot. As a first condition, the skin must be irritated, for example after a tick bite or burdock in the fur. In response to this, the animal will start licking, biting or scratching this spot, which means that the wound can not heal properly.
It can also occur through heat. Some dogs have a long, thick coat and start to sweat when the weather gets warmer. This can also occur when a dog goes swimming in the summer. However, a long coat is not always a condition for the emergence of hotspots.
If the dog already has an irritated or thin skin, the chances are that a hotspot will be developed. However, it can also happen that a hotspot arises in the vicinity of another ignition. For example, in case of an ear infection, the dog already has itching and scratches. Then a hotspot occurs.
What are the symptoms?
The site will bleed, become red, warm, painful and purulent.
Animal injures itself by spontaneously scratching, licking and biting in the same place. This creates a large purulent skin inflammation that we call hotspot.
What is the prognosis of a hotspot?
A hotspot is not contagious and can be cured well in dogs. The emergence of a hotspot usually has several causes, but if these are handled well and the hotspot is discovered quickly, the prognosis is poor. It is often a recurring problem, so here one needs to be alert.
How does the treatment work?
First the cause of the hotspot has to be treated, this can be different in every situation. A good coat care usually promotes.
When the cause is known, the healing of the coat is the order. Antibiotics are not preferable here because they destroy the intestinal flora. In addition, the antibiotics only help temporarily and the hotspot will soon return. In case of severe inflammation antibiotics will be used.
Then the hair is shaved around the hotspot and cleaned well with Betadine shampoo. After which the wound is cleaned and disinfected with a silver spray. Also an itch-quenching drug is given so that the dog is less affected by the hotspot. Lastly, antibiotics and pain relief are given.
Optionally, dietary foods can be used to restore the skin, however, this depends on the cause of the hotspot.
When the dog suffers from regular hotspots, you can choose to treat the animal with a homeopathic preparation (PUUR Hotspot). This homeopathic preparation ensures that the return of the hotspots is reduced as much as possible.
When do I have to go to the vet?
When one suspects the dog at a hotspot, one must go directly to the vet. This is to prevent the hotspot from getting worse. Vaseline or other ointments can make it worse. It is not advisable to treat a hotspot yourself, as there is a chance that it will get worse.
How can a hotspot be prevented?
If the spot has developed after a flea bite, it is advisable to use another anti-flea medicine the next time and to deduce the dog after the application by walking or playing. In case of allergies or inflammation, the allergy or inflammation must of course be treated, otherwise this will be a recurrent problem.