Just like humans, a dog has a milk teeth, which is replaced after a few months by permanent teeth. A complete milk bite of a pup counts 28 teeth and molars. It consists of 12 cutting teeth, 4 canines and 12 molars. The milk teeth will come through at about 2 weeks of age and will be complete and mature at the age of 8 weeks. After about four months a puppy will change his milk teeth.
From the age of 16 weeks, a pup will slowly change his milk teeth and the permanent teeth will slowly come through. After 28 weeks the milk teeth will be completely replaced by the permanent teeth. This lasting teeth has 42 teeth and teeth, 14 more than in the milk teeth. It counts 12 cutting teeth, 4 canines, 10 nodebuttles and 16 cutting teeth.
During changing the teeth, a pup has an often uncontrollable urge to chew. By chewing and gnawing the milk teeth fall out and the permanent teeth can come through more easily. It may be advisable to give a puppy some sturdy toys or chewing bones during this period, which he can chew on. A puppy often changes his incisors first, then his molars and the canines are replaced last.
Maintenance of the teeth
The pupil’s milk teeth do not require much maintenance in principle. Brushing the teeth with regular brushing is often enough to keep it healthy. The permanent teeth, on the other hand, require considerably more care. About 80 percent of dogs aged 4 years and older have had problems with dental problems. These problems vary from dental plaque to tooth decay and sometimes even to the failure of whole teeth and molars. To keep the teeth of a dog healthy, good maintenance is very important.
Brushing the teeth
The regular brushing of the teeth prevents many unpleasant dental problems. Brushing your teeth two or three times a week often ensures that the teeth remain healthy. Brushing the teeth can be a difficult job. Many dogs find it annoying when sitting on the mouth and hate a toothbrush. They also often find toothpaste very dirty. It is therefore important to begin brushing the teeth from an early age. Because it is also true for tooth-brushing, young learned is old done. Make sure that the cleaning does not take too long, at most 2 to 3 minutes.
By regularly inspecting the dog’s teeth, many problems can be discovered at an early stage. This means that timely intervention can be made in case of incipient dental problems and larger problems are prevented. Therefore, inspect the dog’s teeth weekly and have the vet look at it during the annual inspection.
Hard dog toys
Hard toys also make a good contribution to keeping the teeth healthy. A dog that chews on hard toys often rubs the starting plaque and tartar of his teeth. Hard toys ensure that the teeth stay clean and healthy.
Hard food chunks and bones
Just like hard toys, hard chunks and bones are also very good for keeping the teeth of a dog healthy. Just like hard toys, hard lumps and gnawing bones also have a scouring effect that rubs plaque and the tartar away from the teeth. It is therefore advisable to give a dog hard chunks as main food and regularly treat them to a tasty grub bone.