Lipomas or fat bumps under the skin
As with humans, different tumors also occur in our pets. Not all tumors are malignant. Fortunately, there are also many benign tumors. Tumors can occur anywhere. One of these benign tumors is the lipoma.
What are lipomas or fatbulbs?
lipoma fat hump fat tumor A lipoma is a benign tumor of the adipose tissue, which often occurs. Lipomas are more common in some breeds, such as labradors and golden retrievers. Lipomas are always under the skin and can vary greatly in size. There is also a malignant variant called liposarcoma. Fortunately, this tumor is less common.
How is the lipoma diagnosis made?
On the outside you can NEVER predict what type of tumor is a thickening. Therefore, in order to make the diagnosis, you will first have to take a biopsy. With a needle and a syringe, cells are sucked up from the thickening and spread on a glass slide. This procedure is performed 3 times, so that three slides with research material are available after the biopsy.
With lipomas you can see quite quickly that it is a fat tumor; it is mainly fat that ends up on the slide. Even more certainty provides an assessment of a pathologist. It colors the slides and assesses the material collected under microscope. That provides information about the type of tumor. That is important to know.
There are hundreds of different tumors, from good to bad and from good prognosis to poor prognosis. In addition, the type of tumor determines the advice for the treatment. Sometimes surgery on a certain type of tumor is not possible and a search will have to be made for alternative treatment methods or a combination thereof. If surgery is an option then you will understand that malignant tumors have to be cut away larger than benign tumors. How broadly depends on the type of tumor and the degree of malice.
Treatment of the lipoma, removal or not?
Even though a lipoma is a benign tumor, this tumor can cause problems. In the first place, a lipoma can grow quite quickly and reach an enormous size without intervention. The larger the lipoma, the more difficult the operation. In the second place lipomas sometimes occur in difficult places, such as in the armpits or in the groin. If the lipoma reaches a certain size at that location, this may affect your pet’s ability to walk properly.
Both can be a good reason to remove a fat hump anyway. With a combination, both fast growing and in a difficult place, your vet will certainly advise to have a lipoma removed. The smaller the lipoma at removal, the smaller the procedure and the wound and the faster the recovery.