Rabies is a severe, and often fatal, viral polioencephalitis that specifically affects the gray matter of the brain’s central nervous system (CNS). The primary way of rabies is transmitted to dogs in the United States through a disease carrier: foxes, raccoons, skunks, and bats. Infectious virus particles are retained in a rabid animal’s salivary glands to better disseminate the virus through their saliva.
Once the virus enters the dog’s body, it replicates in the cells of the muscles, and then spreads to the closest nerve fibers, including all peripheral, sensory and motor nerves, traveling from there to the CNS via fluid within the nerves. The virus can take off, but the symptoms have started, the virus progresses rapidly.
This inflammatory infection also has zoonotic characteristics and can be transmitted to humans. If you would like to learn more about how this disease affects cats, please visit this page in the petMD health library.
Symptoms and Types of Rabies in Dogs
There are two forms of rabies: paralytic and furious. In the early symptom (prodomal) stage of rabies infection, the dog will show mild signs of CNS abnormalities. This internship will last from one to three days. Most dogs will then progress to the furious internship, the paralytic internship, or a combination of the two, while others have no symptoms.
Furious rabies is characterized by extreme behavioral changes, including overt aggression and attack behavior. Paralytic rabies, also referred to as dumb rabies, is characterized by weakness and loss of coordination, followed by paralysis.
This is a fast-moving virus. If it is not treated, the prognosis is poor. Therefore, if your dog has been in a fight with another animal, or has been bitten or scratched by another animal, or if you have any reason to suspect that your pet has come into contact with a rabid animal. vaccinated against the virus), you must take your dog to a veterinarian for preventive care immediately.
The following are the symptoms of your dog:
-Jaw has been dropped
-Inability to swallow
-Change in tone or bark
-Muscular lack of coordination
-Unusual shyness or aggression
-Constant irritability / changes in attitude and behavior
-Paralysis in the mandible and larynx
-Excessive salivation (hypersalivation), or frothy saliva
Causes of Canine Rabies
The rabies virus is a single-stranded RNA virus or the genus Lyssavirus, in the family Rhabdoviridae. It is transmitted through the exchange of blood from the infected gasses from decomposing animal carcasses. Contracting the virus in this way is rare but it can occur, often in caves with large populations or bats, where the virus is widespread. This may be a concern for hunting dogs.
Diagnosing Rabies in Dogs
If you suspect your dog has rabies, call your veterinarian immediately. If it is safe to do, cage, or otherwise subdue your dog, and take it to a veterinarian to be quarantined. If your pet is behaving viciously, or is trying to attack, and you are at risk of being bitten or scratched, you must contact your dog for you.
Your veterinarian will keep your dog quarantined in a locked cage for 10 days. This is the only acceptable method for confirming suspected rabies infection.
Can be confused with other conditions that cause aggressive behavior, so that the virus. However, blood testing for the virus is not a veterinary procedure.