A dog may vomit simply because he’s eaten something disagreeable or gobbled down too much food, too fast. But vomiting can also indicate something far more serious-your dog may have swallowed a toxic substance, or may be suffering from a condition that requires immediate medical attention. Vomiting can also be associated with gastrointestinal and systemic disorders that should be evaluated by a veterinarian.
What Might Cause a Sudden. or Acute, Episode of Vomiting ?
– Bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal tract
– Diet-related causes (diet change, food intolerance, ingestion of garbage)
– Foreign bodies (i.e. toys, bones, pieces of chewies) in the gastrointestinal tract
– Intestinal parasites
– Acute kidney failure
– Acute liver failure or gall bladder inflammation
– Post-operative nausea
– Ingestion of toxic substances
– Viral infections
– Certain medications or anesthetic agents
– Car sickness
– Infected uterus
Vomiting that occurs sporadically or irregularly over a longer period of time can be due to stomach or intestinal inflammation, severe constipation, cancer, kidney dysfunction, liver disease or systemic illness.
What Should I Do If My Dog Vomits Frequently ?
An occasional, isolated bout of vomiting may not be of concern. However, frequent or chronic vomiting can be a sign of a more serious condition, such as colitis, intestinal obstruction or parvovirus. If your dog’s vomiting is not an isolated incident, please bring him to the vet right away for a complete examination and diagnostic testing.
What Other Symptoms Should I Watch For ?
The causes of vomiting are so varied that sometimes obtaining a diagnosis can be difficult, so it’s important to give your veterinarian as much information as possible and indicate if other signs are also occurring. What to watch for:
– Frequency of vomiting. If your dog vomits once and proceeds to eat regularly and have a normal bowel movement, the vomiting was most likely an isolated incident.
– Blood in vomit
– Weight loss
– Change in appetite
– Increase or decrease in thirst or urination
When Is It Time to See the Vet ?
Please see your vet if you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above, if your dog vomits more than once during the course of a day, or if vomiting persists past one day.
What Are Some Treatment Options ?
You can baby your dog as you would a sick child and give him homemade food such as boiled potatoes, rice and well-cooked, skinless chicken. In certain situations, your dog may require fluid therapy, antibiotics, a change in diet, antiemetics (drugs to help control vomiting) or other medication. It is best to follow your veterinarian’s recommendations regarding appropriate treatment.