Vomiting is very common in the dog. We talk about vomiting when a dog gives up eating and / or drinking again. Vomiting is very similar to regurgitation. In regurgitation, however, the food and / or drink is already vomited before it reaches the stomach. Usually this occurs quickly after eating.
It is important to distinguish between acute vomiting in the dog and chronic vomiting. This is because the causes are often different and therefore need to be treated differently.
Often we get the question: “My dog ??has surrendered, do I have to come right now?”. Acute vomiting (so just started) is usually not urgent but can be this. If it is a one-off or limited to a few times and the dog is still quite active and happy one can wait. However, if a dog continues to surrender and the dog becomes too poor, it is wise to contact our emergency department. We are ready for your animal day and night.
Acute vomiting in the dog
Acute vomiting symptoms are very common in the dog. This is because many dogs eat a lot of street food and there are several other causes that can cause vomiting in dogs. Most causes of acute vomiting are innocent. These dogs are alert and often also cheerful. If a dog becomes very sluggish, this may indicate a more serious cause.
Acute vomiting means that vomiting has only recently started. When are you talking about recently? In itself this is arbitrary, but normally the vomiting must be over after about a week.
What causes are all possible for acute vomiting in the dog?
By far the most common causes are a viral infection or something wrong.
– A viral infection
The most common viruses that give acute vomiting are rotavirus and coronavirus. However, other viruses are also possible. A serious viral disease concerns Parvo in the dog. Usually, however, it concerns an innocent virus that automatically heals.
– Eating something wrong
Many dogs still want to work in everything. It can therefore be something that is eaten on the street, something that was no longer good (too long in the fridge) or something that your dog normally does not eat, like at a party (something from the barbecue or a piece / cheese etc .).
Other possible causes of acute vomiting in the dog are :
– A foreign object (corpus alienum). This is an object that is not digestible and can not pass the gastrointestinal tract.
– In invagination. Here a piece of intestine bulges into another piece of intestine through which it is completely or partially closed.
A parasitic infection such as worms (see worms in the dog) or Giardia (see Giardia in the dog)
These are the most common causes of acute vomiting in the dog. Of course, many other causes are possible. However, these are rare and not all will be discussed in detail.
A stomach tilt
In case of a stomach tilting, so-called false vomiting occurs (see also: stomach tilting in the dog)
The treatment of acute vomiting :
– Treat the underlying cause if possible.
– Feed smaller portions, give easily digestible food (chicken / rice, sensitivity of Roayal Canin).
– Drink smaller portions, give lukewarm water.
– Administer medication against vomiting such as metoclopramide or maropitant (Cerenia)
– Give gastric acid inhibitors such as Zantac or Zitac.
– In case of dehydration: Give intravenous fluid.
Chronic vomiting in the dog
Chronic vomiting is vomiting that lasts longer than 7-10 days. The causes of this can be :
– A food allergy or allergy.
– A chronic gastrointestinal infection. This is called IBD (inflammatory bowel disease).
– A gastrointestinal tumor. The most common is malignant lymphoma (see malignant lymphoma in dogs).
– Liver problems.
– Kidney problems.
– Parasitic infections. The most common are worms (see worms in the dog) and Giardia (see Giardia dog)
– A stomach ulcer. This can occur rarely with, inter alia, long-term analgesia use.
– A stomach tumor.
– An invagination.
– Addison’s disease. The adrenal gland does not make enough hormone.
In addition, many other causes are possible. Above are the most common ones.
It is important to seek out a veterinarian in case of chronic vomiting and to find the cause. The condition of the dog is important. Is he or she still vivid and active and your dog loses no weight then this is less in a hurry than a dog that falls off and is clinically not good (sluggish, not eating, etc.).